Sunspots or “solar lentigines” are signs of “hyperpigmentation” caused by exposure to the ultra violet (UV) rays. Prolonged exposure increases the production of melanin in the skin, causing the skin to turn darker. Sunspots are not dangerous, but are usually unsightly and unwelcome. They can occur at any age and affect fair skin more frequently.
To avoid sunspots, minimize your time in the sun, be vigilant about sun protection (wear hats and protective clothing), and apply sunscreen daily. Your sunscreen should have at least SPF30 and protect against both UVA and UVB rays. Use at least a quarter-sized amount on your face and a proportionately greater amount on any other exposed areas of your skin. Plan to reapply every two hours for as long as you’re in the sun.
If you already have sunspots and want to lighten them without resorting to expensive laser treatments, these natural remedies will help.
Note: Some people may have allergies or sensitivities to these ingredients so it is advisable to do a 24-hour patch test before applying these remedies over a larger area of your skin. Also, it is important see a dermatologist to examine any irregular spots or changes in your skin because some skin cancers may look like sunspots.
The citric acid in lemon juice naturally lightens and exfoliates the skin, reducing the appearance of sunspots.
To use: Using a cotton ball, dab freshly squeezed lemon juice (not bottled juice which may contain skin damaging chemicals) onto the sunspots twice a day. Leave the juice on for a minimum of ½ hour or overnight. Because the juice may increase your skin’s sensitivity to the sun, do not go outside when the juice is still wet on your skin. After about 8 weeks, the sunspots should be lighter.